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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 17-23

Neurological deterioration and computed tomography perfusion changes with increased time to peak in lacunar stroke

1 Department of Neurology, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, FL, USA
2 Department of Radiology, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, FL, USA

Correspondence Address:
Nandakumar Nagaraja
Department of Neurology, Penn State Health Milton S. Hershey Medical Center, 30 Hope Drive Suite 2800 PO Box 859 Hershey 17033, Pennsylvania
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/bc.bc_68_21

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OBJECTIVES: Lacunar strokes can have fluctuations and progression in the acute period leading to poor outcomes. Our study sought to evaluate if, in lacunar strokes, neurological deterioration (ND) was associated with blood pressure (BP) variations, stroke size, or increased time to peak (TTP) on admission computed tomography perfusion (CTP). METHODS: Patients with lacunar stroke who had magnetic resonance imaging and CTP performed were enrolled in the study. ND was defined as ≥1-point worsening on a modified National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score or the Medical Research Council scale compared to baseline assessment. The difference in BP between the day of admission and the day of ND was calculated. Multivariate logistic regression analysis, adjusted for pertinent clinical and imaging covariates, was performed to determine predictors of ND. RESULTS: Among 409 patients screened, 49 were eligible for the study. There was no difference in age, gender, race, medical history, admission BP, and the modified NIHSS score between patients with and without ND. In unadjusted analysis, patients with ND tended to have increased TTP in the stroke area compared to the control (12 [63%] vs. 11 [37%], P = 0.07). On multivariate analysis adjusted for covariates, presence of an increased TTP on CTP was a predictor of ND (odds ratio [95% confidence interval] = 4.80 [1.15–20.10], P = 0.03). CONCLUSION: The presence of an increased TTP on CTP corresponding to the stroke lesion on diffusion-weighted imaging is a predictor of ND in patients with lacunar stroke. Larger studies are needed to confirm our findings.

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