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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 146-158

Can mental practice adjunct in the recovery of motor function in the upper limbs after stroke? A systematic review and meta-analysis


1 Department of Psychiatry, Neurophysiology and Neuropsychology of Attention Laboratory, Institute of Psychiatry of the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro; Institute of Applied Neuroscience, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
2 Department of Psychiatry, Neurophysiology and Neuropsychology of Attention Laboratory, Institute of Psychiatry of the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro; Institute of Applied Neuroscience; Veiga de Almeida University, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
3 Institute of Applied Neuroscience; Department of Psychiatry, Brain Mapping and Sensory Motor Integration Laboratory, Institute of Psychiatry of the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
4 Department of Psychiatry, Neuro-innovation Technology and Brain Mapping Laboratory, Federal University of Delta do Parnaiba, Parnaiba, Brazil
5 Veiga de Almeida University; Department of Psychiatry, Brain Mapping and Sensory Motor Integration Laboratory, Institute of Psychiatry of the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
6 Institute of Applied Neuroscience; Department of Psychiatry, Brain Mapping and Sensory Motor Integration Laboratory, Institute of Psychiatry of the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro; Department of Bioscience, School of Physical Education of the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
7 Department of Psychiatry, Neurophysiology and Neuropsychology of Attention Laboratory, Institute of Psychiatry of the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro; Institute of Applied Neuroscience; Department of Bioscience, School of Physical Education of the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
8 Department of Psychiatry, National Cancer Institute - INCA, Interdisciplinary Head and Neck Laboratory, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Correspondence Address:
Victor Marinho
Danielle Aprigio, Av. Venceslau Brás, 71 Fundos - Botafogo, Rio de Janeiro
Brazil
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/bc.bc_28_22

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BACKGROUND: Studies indicate that mental practice can be an adjuvant rehabilitation, improving motor functions.AIM: To synthesize the evidence on the intervention with the mental practice for the rehabilitation of the upper limb after stroke in the context of a dependent task. METHODS: The review was registered on the PROSPERO with protocol number: CRD42020166624. We searched the PubMed, Medline, Embase, Central, PEDro, and Web of Science from randomized clinical trials from 1975 to 2022. A literature review was conducted with 13 studies that synthesized findings on mental practice such as adjuvant rehabilitation in the recovery of the upper limb after stroke based on Fugl-Meyer Assessment (FMA) Motor and action research arm test (ARAT) scores. RESULTS: The sample size was 232 were part of the intervention group and 180 of the control group. The findings no showed results in favor of mental practice after stroke accordingly to ARAT and FMA Motor scores (P > 0.05). CONCLUSION: Current evidence does not support the use of the mental practice to increase the recovery of the upper limb after stroke, although the evidence is conflicting for some aspects of the technique.


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